Since 2002, Aboriginal midwives from across Canada have come together almost every year, usually in association with the Canadian Association of Midwives (CAM)'s annual conference, to share and plan for the future of midwifery in Aboriginal communities. The Aboriginal midwives recognized that there was a need to establish a collective voice as Aboriginal women working in their communities, and that this would be crucial in supporting the development of midwifery and Aboriginal midwifery in Aboriginal communities across Canada. NACM was officially established on November 11, 2008 at the third annual Aboriginal midwives’ Gathering in Quebec City. NACM has chosen to be an umbrella organization under the CAM and has a status that is equivalent to other provincial and territorial midwifery associations.
NACM’s membership consists of approximately seventy Aboriginal midwives, midwife Elders, and student midwives. Members of NACM include both registered midwives, and trained midwives practicing under certain exemption clauses of provincial health legislation. NACM is made up of a diverse group of midwives from all regions of Canada, representing First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities.